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A Brief History of Cannabis

March 16, 2020

Cannabis is an organic, plant-based product with origins tracing back to the ancient world, having documented use as medicine since 2700 BC. The history of cannabis and its usage by humans dates back to at least the third millennium BC in written history, and possibly further back by archaeological evidence. For millennia, the plant has been valued for its use for fiber and rope, as food and medicine, and for its psychoactive properties for religious and recreational use. In the United States, cannabis was a patented medical therapy during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The official drug compendium of the United States, the U.S. Pharmacopeia, listed cannabis as a treatment for numerous ailments from 1851-1942.

The earliest restrictions on cannabis were reported in the Islamic world by the 14th century. In the 19th century, it began to be outlawed in colonial countries, often associated with racist and classist stresses. In the middle of the 20th century, international coordination led to sweeping restrictions on cannabis throughout most of the globe. Entering the 21st century, some nations began to change their approaches to cannabis, with measures taken to decriminalize cannabis; the Netherlands became the first nation to legalize cannabis, and in 2015 Uruguay became the first to legalize recreational cannabis with Canada following in 2018 and South Africa for personal home use only.

Federal restriction of cannabis in the United States first occurred in 1937 with the passage of the Marihuana Tax Act. Because of this law, cannabis was removed from the pharmacopeia. In 1970, the Controlled Substance Act classified cannabis as a Schedule 1 drug determined to provide no accepted medical properties. Over fifty years later, cannabis remains illegal under Federal Law in the United States. Schedule 1 status prohibits most institutions from conducting research on the healing effects of compounds found within the cannabis plant. Fortunately, individual states have the right to approve access to cannabis as a medicine, and, in 1996, California became the first state to do so.

Today, more than 50% of the country has passed legislation for cannabis as medicine. Governing bodies of these states enact resolutions specific to their medical marijuana program. Some areas of oversight include approved health conditions, delivery methods, quantity limitations, and the location and number of dispensaries.

On September 8, 2016, House Bill 523 legalized medical marijuana in Ohio. The Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Program (MMCP) allows people with certain health conditions to purchase and use medical marijuana with the recommendation of a certified Ohio-licensed physician. The Ohio Department of Commerce, Board of Pharmacy, and Board of Medicine govern the MMCP. Regulations established for growers and cultivators, processors and dispensaries within the state help provide safe and effective medical marijuana treatment for all eligible residents of Ohio.

At Summit Releaf, we make it as easy as possible to obtain your Ohio marijuana card, by offering discounts to those members of our community who receive social security or are US veterans that served honorably. The following information is presented for educational purposes only. Summit Releaf provides this information to provide an understanding of the potential benefits of medical marijuana for patients living with one of the approved Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Program qualifying conditions. Links to third party websites do not constitute an endorsement of these organizations by Summit Releaf and none should be inferred.

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